PC brands love to tout expensive, high-end laptops, but history
has shown most people buy a budget laptop. And why not? A US$500
laptop can be a capable machine that will serve you well for
There's just one problem: the brands are on to you. They've
flooded the market with hundreds of slightly tweaked configurations
designed to maximum profit. Choosing the right budget laptop is
difficult if you don't know what to look for. It can get especially
tricky around Black Friday, where you'll often find retailers
trying to offload less desirable older or poorly configured models
amongst all the deals.
Our guide can help you buy a budget laptop without getting
screwed by its specifications. For more concrete buying
recommendations across a mix of budgets, our roundup of the best Early Black Friday laptop deals can also
Windows or ChromeOS?
The most important choice you must make is the operating system.
Budget laptops run Microsoft Windows or Google ChromeOS. The latter
is often less expensive, with budget Chromebooks sold for as little
ChromeOS is a fast, smooth, simple operating system ideal for
people with a good Internet connection, a preference for Google
services, and basic expectations. You will access most apps and
services online and have a more limited selection of apps and
services to choose from.
Windows is versatile, powerful, and functional. You have access
to hundreds of thousands of applications to handle any task. Most
keyboards, mice, and displays are designed for Windows first,
though they may also work with ChromeOS. Windows isn't as as smooth
as ChromeOS and requires a more powerful laptop to run well.
Can't make a decision? Stick with Windows. Its broad app support
means it's never a bad option.
Processor: Stick with Intel Core i3 or AMD Ryzen 3 (or better)
Budget laptops are sold with a variety of low-end processors
you'd never see in more expensive PCs. You'll encounter not only
budget-tier Intel Celeron and AMD Athlon processors, but also
processors from MediaTek and Samsung.
Avoid them. These processors are based on old designs and
performance can significantly lag more recent options.
One best-selling laptop on Amazon, Lenovo's Chromebook C330, has
a MediaTek MT8173, which, according to Geekbench 5's benchmark
database, is lucky to score 750 in the benchmark's multi-core test.
Intel's Core i3-10110U can exceed a score of 1,900 in the same
test. AMD's Ryzen 3 3350U is even better, scoring up to 2,500.
That's over three times faster!
Intel's Celeron and AMD's Athlon processors are not much better
than MediaTek. Laptops with these processors can hit prices below US$200, but quicker machines remain affordable. You can find Intel
Core i3 and AMD Ryzen 3 in laptops that start at US$300. That's a
Image: Matt Elliott/IDG
RAM: Aim for
8GB, but you can get by with less
RAM, also known as memory, is important for multitasking and
more demanding applications. 8GB is the sweet spot for a budget
laptop. Apps that require more RAM won't perform well on a budget
laptop for other reasons, anyway.
8GB of RAM will push on the upper end of a $500 budget. I
recommend leaning towards a machine with 8GB of RAM when you have
the choice, but you might have to settle for less. Many budget
laptops have 4GB or, less often, 6GB.
That's fine. Really. Even 4GB of RAM is fine for web browsing,
writing a term paper, online shopping, personal accounting, and
hundreds of other computing tasks. Just don't pick up photography
or video editing as a hobby.
Hard drive: Aim
for a 128GB SSD or better
Budget laptops typically offer a solid state hard drive instead
of an old-fashioned hard disk drive. That's a good thing. A solid
state drive slashes app load times. It's a huge improvement.
Look for a hard drive with at least 128GB of storage. This is
still tight, but it's manageable if you stick with cloud storage
for large files and use apps larger than 10GB in size. 256GB of
storage is a better bet, but you'll have a hard time snagging that
for under US$500.
You'll find that some budget laptops, most of them Chromebooks,
list a small 32GB or 64GB eMMC hard drive instead of a solid state
drive. This is budget solid state storage that delivers poor
performance. Though I recommend a larger solid state drive, eMMC
storage is fine for a Chromebook. Never buy a Windows laptop with
Display: 1080p or bust
Every budget laptop has an edge-lit LCD screen. It won't look as
nice as the screens on an iPhone or most Android phones, but budget
laptop displays look fine. There's one specification to be wary of,
however, and that's the resolution.
Most laptops have a 1080p display (aka 1920 x 1080 resolution).
However, some budget laptops shave costs with a display resolution
of 1366 x 768. If they're tricky, they'll advertise this as an HD
resolution without specifying the pixel count.
I recommend not buying a laptop with 1366 x 768 or HD
resolution. The display will look grainy and pixelated, and it
won't be able to show as much content at once. HD displays are
often dimmer and less colorful than Full HD displays, too.
What about display size? Most people should spring for a 14- or
15-inch laptop. This is a good compromise between portability and
display size. A 13-inch is a good option if you plan on taking the
laptop with you while traveling or commuting. I don't recommend a
display smaller than 13 inches, though.
gaming is (mostly) out of reach
Want to play PC games on your budget laptop? You can! But you'll
have to stick to older games and 2D titles.
Budget laptops don't have graphics hardware separate from the
processor. That's a big hit to game performance. You can play some
3D games like Counter-Strike or League of Legends
on a budget laptop, but more visually demanding titles are usually
out of reach.
Want the best US$500 can buy? Go for AMD's Ryzen processor. Ryzen
has integrated Radeon graphics hardware. A laptop with AMD's Ryzen
5 5500U can handle some modern games like Grand Theft Auto
V at low detail settings.
What about everything
The specifications I've covered are the key decisions you'll
face. Battery life, Wi-Fi performance, Bluetooth, and weight may be
a factor, but differ less between laptops than those I've covered.
You can expect a budget laptop to have four to six hours of battery
life. It will have passable Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, and it will weigh
around four or five pounds.
These figures are a fair shake behind a US$2,000 Apple MacBook,
Dell XPS, or HP Envy, but you may be surprised by what budget
laptops can do. A good budget laptop can handle a huge variety of
tasks and remain useful for years. It won't beat a luxury laptop on
performance, but it can beat it on value. Once again, for more
concrete buying recommendations, our roundup of the best Early Black Friday laptop deals can also