Intel's debut Iris Xe graphics cards are headed to prebuilt PCs (but not for gaming)

Intel will sell a discrete desktop GPU aimed at mainstream users and small businesses.

Credit: Gordon Mah Ung

Either the GPU shortage really is that bad, or maybe Intel’s DG1 is really that good, because the company announced Tuesday morning that its first-generation Iris Xe desktop graphics cards is shipping to partners.

The company said its Iris Xe, previously codenamed DG1, will be sold to system integrators—basically PC companies smaller than OEMs such as Dell and HP—who will use the graphics cards in PCs aimed at mainstream users as well as small- and medium-sized businesses.

Iris Xe is basically the same part as the Irix Xe Max GPU that’s being sold in a limited number of laptops after originally being previewed on desktop PCs as the developer-only DG1 graphics card at CES 2020. Intel created the desktop DG1 to help developers get their feet wet in making applications and games for Intel’s upcoming (and hopefully more powerful) Xe GPUs.

Intel said it and “its partners saw the opportunity to better serve the high-volume, value-desktop market with improved graphics, display and media acceleration capabilities.”

The company said two partners will sell the cards to system integrators, one of which is Asus. We’re not sure what the final card will look like but the developer version was actually fairly attractive with its aluminum shroud. We’re going to guess the final mass-produced parts intended for mainstream builds won’t be as fancy though.

Intel DG1 Software Development Card Gordon Mah Ung

Intel’s DG1 GPU will be sold after all

Intel doesn’t push Iris Xe as a gaming card, but the company has shown the Iris Xe Max duking it out with the lowly Nvidia GeForce MX350. The Iris Xe Max in laptops features 96 execution units while the desktop Iris Xe will step down to 80 EUs, so gaming expectations need to be tuned.

It’s the GPU’s other features that could shine brighter. Intel’s Hyper Encoding, for example, would take advantage of multiple encoders in the Iris Xe and, say, your 11th-gen Core CPU with integrated Iris Xe graphics to outperform a much faster gaming GPU at encoding.  Intel’s Deep Link concept would use the combined AI of an Iris Xe and an 11th-gen CPU as well.

You could also install an Intel Iris Xe graphics card in a Ryzen-based desktop to access Intel’s DP4A support or its QuickSync feature that’s out of reach on AMD platforms.

The card also supports AV1 decode, a relatively new feature found only in the latest GeForce and Radeon GPUs as well as Intel’s 11th-gen laptop CPUs. Iris Xe graphics cards will feature 4GB of RAM but the type is unknown. The mobile version runs LPDDR4X but the original DG1 developer cards were said to have GDDR6.

Frankly, we have more questions than answers about Iris Xe graphics cards right now, but having more options is always better for consumers.

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Gordon Mah Ung

Gordon Mah Ung

PC World (US online)
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