Internet outages expected to abate as routers are modified, rebooted

A flurry of updates to internal router databases caused many pieces of equipment to choke

A flood of updates to databases inside Internet routers caused intermittent outages on Wednesday and connectivity issues for companies, but experts expect the long-forecasted hiccup to be resolved soon.

Internet traffic is designed to flow in the most efficient way, which means frequent updates to routers that describe how networks should connect. Some routers can only accommodate 512,000 of those updates in memory without further tweaks.

Some of those routers have hit their limit, which caused some networks to go offline. The situation, while inconvenient for some, is being regarded as more of a technical bump rather than the meltdown of the Internet, but one that may keep network operators on their toes for the next few days.

"This situation is more of an annoyance than a real Internet-wide threat," wrote Jim Cowie of Dyn. "Most routers in use today...have plenty of room to deal with the Internet's current span." Dyn acquired Cowie's network performance company Renesys in May.

Cisco warned its customers as early as May that the rising number of route entries could pose trouble, wrote Omar Santos, incident manager for the company's Product Security Incident Response Team, in a blog post Wednesday.

In just six years, the number of entries in routing tables has doubled, from 256,000 to upwards of 512,000, he wrote. The problem is that as routing entries exceed 512,000, the Ternary Content Addressable Memory (TCAM) contained in switches and routers will run out unless modified. TCAM is a type of memory that is faster than RAM, Santos wrote.

Older products from Cisco are configured by default to only accommodate 512,000 routes. Products that may be affected include the company's Catalyst 6500 switches, 7600 series routers, ASR 9000 and 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers in certain configurations. Cisco has published workarounds for that equipment.

The flurry of routing changes appeared to have originated from two networks run by Verizon, wrote Andree Toonk, founder of BGPmon, a network monitoring and security company in Vancouver. The changes from Verizon appear to have pushed global routing tables to 515,000 entries, past the default limit for some types of equipment, he wrote.

Verizon appeared to make some changes that lowered the number of routes, which fixed some issues. But "the Internet routing table will continue to grow organically and we will reach the 512,000 limit soon again," Toonk wrote. Verizon did not have an immediate comment.

The Lansing, Michigan, based Web hosting provider Liquid Web moved quickly after it experienced issues. It upgraded the memory allocation to its core routers as well as rebooted some, the company wrote on its support blog.

Send news tips and comments to jeremy_kirk@idg.com. Follow me on Twitter: @jeremy_kirk

Join the newsletter!

Error: Please check your email address.
Rocket to Success - Your 10 Tips for Smarter ERP System Selection

Tags Liquid WebciscoBGPmoninternetRenesys

Keep up with the latest tech news, reviews and previews by subscribing to the Good Gear Guide newsletter.

Jeremy Kirk

IDG News Service
Show Comments

Most Popular Reviews

Latest Articles

Resources

PCW Evaluation Team

Sarah Ieroianni

Brother QL-820NWB Professional Label Printer

The print quality also does not disappoint, it’s clear, bold, doesn’t smudge and the text is perfectly sized.

Ratchada Dunn

Sharp PN-40TC1 Huddle Board

The Huddle Board’s built in program; Sharp Touch Viewing software allows us to easily manipulate and edit our documents (jpegs and PDFs) all at the same time on the dashboard.

George Khoury

Sharp PN-40TC1 Huddle Board

The biggest perks for me would be that it comes with easy to use and comprehensive programs that make the collaboration process a whole lot more intuitive and organic

David Coyle

Brother PocketJet PJ-773 A4 Portable Thermal Printer

I rate the printer as a 5 out of 5 stars as it has been able to fit seamlessly into my busy and mobile lifestyle.

Kurt Hegetschweiler

Brother PocketJet PJ-773 A4 Portable Thermal Printer

It’s perfect for mobile workers. Just take it out — it’s small enough to sit anywhere — turn it on, load a sheet of paper, and start printing.

Matthew Stivala

HP OfficeJet 250 Mobile Printer

The HP OfficeJet 250 Mobile Printer is a great device that fits perfectly into my fast paced and mobile lifestyle. My first impression of the printer itself was how incredibly compact and sleek the device was.

Featured Content

Latest Jobs

Don’t have an account? Sign up here

Don't have an account? Sign up now

Forgot password?