US House passes bill allowing mobile phone unlocking

Some former supporters criticize the bill's prohibition on bulk unlocking

The U.S. House of Representatives has passed a bill that would allow mobile phone users to unlock their devices and switch carriers, overriding a 2013 decision by the Library of Congress to make the practice illegal.

The House passed the Unlocking Consumer Choice and Wireless Competition Act by a vote of 295-114 late Tuesday, despite some former supporters voicing opposition to the bill in recent days.

After the bill passed through the House Judiciary Committee, sponsors added language that would allow a prohibition on bulk unlocking of phones to remain in effect. Critics of the added language said it weakened the consumer protections in the bill and would prohibit a legitimate business model of reselling used phones.

The bill was already a "weak" one before the added language, said Sina Khanifar, an activist and former phone unlocker who campaigned for Congress to overturn the Library of Congress' decision to prohibit unlocking. In January 2013, the Library of Congress, reviewing circumvention exceptions allowed under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA), allowed a legal exemption for unlocking a mobile phone to expire.

The Unlocking Consumer Choice Act didn't permanently amend the DMCA to allow mobile phone unlocking, unlike some other proposals, but will allow the Library of Congress to again review the issue in 18 months, Khanifar wrote in a blog post.

The new language, excluding bulk unlocking from the legal exemption, further weakened the bill, he added. "Bulk unlockers buy phones from a variety of sources, including second-hand devices, unlock and resell them," he wrote. "They're an important part of the electronics recycling and refurbishing industry."

The bulk unlocking provision "sets a very dangerous precedent. It says that Congress is okay with companies using ... the DMCA to prevent certain business models, even when they have absolutely nothing to do with copyright infringement," he added.

Still, the bill had support from several groups including mobile phone trade group CTIA, Consumers Union and the Fraternal Order of Police, noted Representative Bob Goodlatte, a Virginia Republican and the bill's main sponsor. The bulk unlocking provision was added to address police concerns about stolen mobile phones, a House staffer said.

The bill "protects consumer choice by allowing consumers flexibility when it comes to choosing a wireless carrier," he said in a statement. "This is something that Americans have been asking for and I am pleased that the House of Representatives acted to restore the exemption that will allow consumers to unlock their cell phones."

Public Knowledge, a digital rights group, said it was disappointed in the new language on bulk unlocking. "It's clear that more needs to be done to prevent copyright law from interfering with consumers' rights and picking winners and losers between business models," Sherwin Siy, the group's vice president of legal affairs, said by email.

Grant Gross covers technology and telecom policy in the U.S. government for The IDG News Service. Follow Grant on Twitter at GrantGross. Grant's email address is grant_gross@idg.com.

Join the newsletter!

Or

Sign up to gain exclusive access to email subscriptions, event invitations, competitions, giveaways, and much more.

Membership is free, and your security and privacy remain protected. View our privacy policy before signing up.

Error: Please check your email address.

Tags governmentmobilesmartphoneslegislationconsumer electronicsctiaPublic KnowledgeSherwin SiyU.S. House of RepresentativesConsumers UnionBob GoodlatteFraternal Order of PoliceU.S. Library of CongressSina Khanifar

Keep up with the latest tech news, reviews and previews by subscribing to the Good Gear Guide newsletter.

Grant Gross

IDG News Service
Show Comments

Father’s Day Gift Guide

Brand Post

Bitdefender 2019

Bitdefender solutions stop attacks before they even begin! Get cybersecurity that 500 MILLION users already have and trust.

Most Popular Reviews

Latest Articles

Resources

PCW Evaluation Team

Luke Hill

MSI GT75 TITAN

I need power and lots of it. As a Front End Web developer anything less just won’t cut it which is why the MSI GT75 is an outstanding laptop for me. It’s a sleek and futuristic looking, high quality, beast that has a touch of sci-fi flare about it.

Emily Tyson

MSI GE63 Raider

If you’re looking to invest in your next work horse laptop for work or home use, you can’t go wrong with the MSI GE63.

Laura Johnston

MSI GS65 Stealth Thin

If you can afford the price tag, it is well worth the money. It out performs any other laptop I have tried for gaming, and the transportable design and incredible display also make it ideal for work.

Andrew Teoh

Brother MFC-L9570CDW Multifunction Printer

Touch screen visibility and operation was great and easy to navigate. Each menu and sub-menu was in an understandable order and category

Louise Coady

Brother MFC-L9570CDW Multifunction Printer

The printer was convenient, produced clear and vibrant images and was very easy to use

Edwina Hargreaves

WD My Cloud Home

I would recommend this device for families and small businesses who want one safe place to store all their important digital content and a way to easily share it with friends, family, business partners, or customers.

Featured Content

Don’t have an account? Sign up here

Don't have an account? Sign up now

Forgot password?