Facebook must comply with German data protection law, court rules

The Federation of German Consumer Organizations said the verdict is a milestone for data protection in the Facebook era

Facebook has to comply with German data protection law, the Higher Court of Berlin ruled in a decision that directly contradicted an earlier decision by another court.

The Berlin court confirmed a 2012 verdict that found that Facebook's Friend Finder violated German law because it was unclear to users that they imported their entire address book into the social network when using it.

The court also confirmed that several clauses of Facebook's privacy policy and terms of service violate German law.

The assertion by the court that the social networking company was bound by German data protection law is being seen as an important victory by consumer groups. The Federation of German Consumer Organizations (VZBV), which brought the case, was particularly pleased with the court's decision that Facebook has to comply with German data protection laws, said Carola Elbrecht, VZBV's project manager for consumer rights in the digital world, on Tuesday.

The VZBV was not alone in this. "The findings of the court are especially interesting because it explicitly affirmed the applicability of the German data protection law on Facebook," wrote Thomas Stadler, a German lawyer specializing in IT and intellectual property, in a blog post.

The Higher Court of Berlin's verdict, however, is in direct opposition to a verdict of the Administrative Court of Appeals of the State of Schleswig-Holstein.

That court ruled in April last year that Irish data protection rules and not German data protection law should apply to Facebook. Irish law should apply because Facebook processes German user data at its European headquarters in Ireland, according to the administrative court. Facebook's German subsidiary acts exclusively as a marketing and sales office for the region and doesn't process any personal information, it said.

However, the Higher Court of Berlin disagreed and contended that Facebook's data processing is actually handled in the U.S. by Facebook's parent company and not by its Irish subsidiary, according to the written version of its Jan 24. decision that was released by the VZBV on Monday. It is customary in the German legal system to release written judicial decisions a few weeks after the oral verdict.

If the court had found that the user data was processed by Facebook Ireland and not by Facebook U.S., German data protection law would probably not have been applicable, because Facebook Ireland would have been responsible for handling user data in the E.U., Elbrecht said.

But because Facebook U.S. is located outside of the E.U., German data protection laws can apply, she added.

Facebook's U.S. parent company collects and processes German user data under the German data protection act when it sets cookies on computers of German users, according to the Higher Court of Berlin. Thus, German data protection law is applicable despite Facebook's Irish office, it added.

"The verdict is a milestone for data protection in the Facebook era," the VZBV said.

The ruling could mean that it might not be worthwhile for big tech companies to settle in countries where the least resistance from data protection authorities can be expected, Elbrecht said, adding that the Irish data protection authority is not very effective.

The VZBV also called on the German government to advocate for a speedy implementation of data protection regulation across the E.U. to guarantee an uniform level of data protection. A uniform regulation was described by German Chancellor Angela Merkel as difficult to achieve during the weekend because some countries have less stringent data protection than Germany.

As the Higher Court of Berlin and Administrative Court of Appeals of the State of Schleswig-Holstein are equals, it is difficult to say which decision will prevail, according to Elbrecht.

The Administrative Court of Appeals' decision is final and cannot be appealed. But Facebook can still formally object to the Higher Court of Berlin ruling within a month, Elbrecht said.

Such an objection could lead to a review of the case by Germany's highest court, the Federal Court of Justice in Karlsruhe, she said, adding that the VZBV expected Facebook to file an objection.

Facebook is still reviewing the decision, a spokeswoman said in an email.

Loek is Amsterdam Correspondent and covers online privacy, intellectual property, open-source and online payment issues for the IDG News Service. Follow him on Twitter at @loekessers or email tips and comments to loek_essers@idg.com

Join the Good Gear Guide newsletter!

Error: Please check your email address.

Tags intellectual propertycopyrightlegalFacebook

Our Back to Business guide highlights the best products for you to boost your productivity at home, on the road, at the office, or in the classroom.

Keep up with the latest tech news, reviews and previews by subscribing to the Good Gear Guide newsletter.

Loek Essers

IDG News Service
Show Comments

Most Popular Reviews

Latest News Articles

Resources

PCW Evaluation Team

Azadeh Williams

HP OfficeJet Pro 8730

A smarter way to print for busy small business owners, combining speedy printing with scanning and copying, making it easier to produce high quality documents and images at a touch of a button.

Andrew Grant

HP OfficeJet Pro 8730

I've had a multifunction printer in the office going on 10 years now. It was a neat bit of kit back in the day -- print, copy, scan, fax -- when printing over WiFi felt a bit like magic. It’s seen better days though and an upgrade’s well overdue. This HP OfficeJet Pro 8730 looks like it ticks all the same boxes: print, copy, scan, and fax. (Really? Does anyone fax anything any more? I guess it's good to know the facility’s there, just in case.) Printing over WiFi is more-or- less standard these days.

Ed Dawson

HP OfficeJet Pro 8730

As a freelance writer who is always on the go, I like my technology to be both efficient and effective so I can do my job well. The HP OfficeJet Pro 8730 Inkjet Printer ticks all the boxes in terms of form factor, performance and user interface.

Michael Hargreaves

Windows 10 for Business / Dell XPS 13

I’d happily recommend this touchscreen laptop and Windows 10 as a great way to get serious work done at a desk or on the road.

Aysha Strobbe

Windows 10 / HP Spectre x360

Ultimately, I think the Windows 10 environment is excellent for me as it caters for so many different uses. The inclusion of the Xbox app is also great for when you need some downtime too!

Mark Escubio

Windows 10 / Lenovo Yoga 910

For me, the Xbox Play Anywhere is a great new feature as it allows you to play your current Xbox games with higher resolutions and better graphics without forking out extra cash for another copy. Although available titles are still scarce, but I’m sure it will grow in time.

Featured Content

Latest Jobs

Don’t have an account? Sign up here

Don't have an account? Sign up now

Forgot password?