More unlicensed mobile spectrum needed, group says

The FCC and Congress should make unlicensed spectrum available as they move toward auctions, a group says

The U.S. Congress and Federal Communications Commission shouldn't forget unlicensed uses of spectrum as policymakers debate ways to open up more mobile spectrum for broadband and voice services, a group of wireless advocates said Thursday.

Unlicensed uses of mobile spectrum, such as Wi-Fi, can lead to new innovations and can take some pressure off overcrowded mobile phone networks, said representatives of the Wireless Innovation Alliance, an advocacy group focused on efficient uses of spectrum.

The value of Wi-Fi to the U.S. is in the "tens of billions of dollars," said Assaf Eilat, a senior economist at economic consulting firm Compass Lexecon.

Many rural areas depend on unlicensed spectrum for broadband, said Stephen Coran, counsel to the Wireless Internet Service Providers Association (WISPA). Three-quarters of the landmass in Texas and 38 percent of Illinois are served exclusively by WISPs using unlicensed spectrum, he said. Most WISPs do not take federal payments to deliver broadband, he said.

In those areas, "you cannot get broadband by any other source," Coran added. "Spectrum is the subsidy that is the lifeblood of WISPs across the country."

FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski and some members of Congress have called for so-called incentive auctions, in which television stations that give up unneeded spectrum could share in the proceedings from spectrum auctions. But even as many lawmakers have called on the FCC to maximize revenue in spectrum auctions, setting aside some spectrum for unlicensed uses can actually increase the returns in auctions, said Eilat, co-author of an October paper focused on unlicensed spectrum.

When new spectrum is "scarce," demand will increase, Eilat added. "In this case, if unlicensed spectrum is made available, there's going to be competition between bidders for the ... available licensed spectrum, and that's going to drive the prices up," he said.

Some congressional Republicans have balked at making spectrum available for free. In July, Republican members of the House Energy and Commerce Committee released a spectrum reform discussion draft bill that would have set up a process for auctioning unlicensed spectrum, but Wireless Innovation Alliance member Public Knowledge slammed that idea as unworkable

But other groups have questioned whether more unlicensed spectrum should be made available. Randolph May, president of free market think tank, the Free State Foundation, said he's wary of calls to set aside significant amounts of spectrum for unlicensed uses.

"Generally, licensees that buy spectrum at auctions have incentives to put the spectrum to the highest value use," May said. "Users of unlicensed spectrum generally don't have such incentives."

May questioned Eilat's assertion that setting aside unlicensed spectrum could lead to higher auction returns.

"While the amount of spectrum auctioned at any one time may affect the bid price, this does not mean it is sound policy to give away spectrum for unlicensed use in order to render more scarce the amount of spectrum available for auction," May said. "Ultimately, the government will receive more auction revenues if spectrum that otherwise might be allocated for unlicensed use is auctioned."

Grant Gross covers technology and telecom policy in the U.S. government for The IDG News Service. Follow Grant on Twitter at GrantGross. Grant's e-mail address is grant_gross@idg.com.

Join the newsletter!

Error: Please check your email address.
Rocket to Success - Your 10 Tips for Smarter ERP System Selection

Tags Assaf EilatWireless Innovation AlliancetelecommunicationJulius GenachowskiregulationFree State FoundationCompass LexeconWireless Internet Service Providers AssociationPublic KnowledgebroadbandRandolph May4gStephen Coran3ggovernment

Keep up with the latest tech news, reviews and previews by subscribing to the Good Gear Guide newsletter.

Grant Gross

IDG News Service
Show Comments

Cool Tech

SanDisk MicroSDXC™ for Nintendo® Switch™

Learn more >

Breitling Superocean Heritage Chronographe 44

Learn more >

Toys for Boys

Family Friendly

Panasonic 4K UHD Blu-Ray Player and Full HD Recorder with Netflix - UBT1GL-K

Learn more >

Stocking Stuffer

Razer DeathAdder Expert Ergonomic Gaming Mouse

Learn more >

Christmas Gift Guide

Click for more ›

Most Popular Reviews

Latest Articles

Resources

PCW Evaluation Team

Ben Ramsden

Sharp PN-40TC1 Huddle Board

Brainstorming, innovation, problem solving, and negotiation have all become much more productive and valuable if people can easily collaborate in real time with minimal friction.

Sarah Ieroianni

Brother QL-820NWB Professional Label Printer

The print quality also does not disappoint, it’s clear, bold, doesn’t smudge and the text is perfectly sized.

Ratchada Dunn

Sharp PN-40TC1 Huddle Board

The Huddle Board’s built in program; Sharp Touch Viewing software allows us to easily manipulate and edit our documents (jpegs and PDFs) all at the same time on the dashboard.

George Khoury

Sharp PN-40TC1 Huddle Board

The biggest perks for me would be that it comes with easy to use and comprehensive programs that make the collaboration process a whole lot more intuitive and organic

David Coyle

Brother PocketJet PJ-773 A4 Portable Thermal Printer

I rate the printer as a 5 out of 5 stars as it has been able to fit seamlessly into my busy and mobile lifestyle.

Kurt Hegetschweiler

Brother PocketJet PJ-773 A4 Portable Thermal Printer

It’s perfect for mobile workers. Just take it out — it’s small enough to sit anywhere — turn it on, load a sheet of paper, and start printing.

Featured Content

Latest Jobs

Don’t have an account? Sign up here

Don't have an account? Sign up now

Forgot password?