Websites that have been up and running for a while tend to get tinkered with by well-intentioned marketing and technical staffs. Although businesses should encourage innovation, many common website practices can, if implemented in the wrong way, invite legal problems. Here's a rundown on five common website mistakes.
1. "Guiding" user comments on social networking pages. Websites generally have immunity under Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act for liability for defamatory statements posted by users on social networking pages of a site. However, recent cases have begun to chip away at that immunity in cases where the website has gotten too involved in "shaping" the user-generated content. Too much shaping, and a website risks becoming the publisher itself, thereby losing the Section 230 immunity.
2. Testimonials in blogs. Many bloggers are unaware that the Federal Trade Commission has guidelines regarding endorsements and testimonials in blogs . In general, the guidelines require that bloggers disclose any material connections between themselves and the products that they are reviewing or discussing. Similarly, if a blog offers a testimonial, it should state whether its results are "representative" of what consumers will experience from using the product. This area is particularly perilous because the FTC has brought very few enforcement actions and, therefore, it is unclear where the agency may seek to draw lines.
4. Offering a mobile application without thinking through the data flows. Everyone wants to offer a mobile application these days, often linking to a website. Questions are beginning to arise, however, about the information that apps collect and the devices on which they appear, who handles it, and what happens to that data. Knotty legal problems can emerge where these issues have not been vetted.
5. Copyright infringements. Copyright infringement is as old as the Internet. Federal law governing online copyright violations -- the Digital Millennium Copyright Act -- has been in place for a decade, and the rules are fairly well understood. Nonetheless, pirated material still often appears on websites, posted by users. Websites must maintain their procedures in order to earn the protections of the DMCA "safe harbor." A website that loses its DMCA safe harbor protection due to inattentiveness may face substantial losses.
Bill Baker is a partner in the communications practice at Wiley Rein LLP in Washington. He advises a broad range of clients on domestic and international privacy, security, marketing communications, e-commerce and postal law. He can be reached at 202-719-7255 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
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