The WonderSwan (1999), a monochrome system designed by the company headed by ex-Nintendo employee Gunpei Yokoi--the creator of the Game Boy--went head-to-head-to-head with Nintendo's handheld and the Neo Geo Pocket in Japan. Though the challenger got off to a shaky start, it gained steam with the release of the WonderSwan Color in 2000. Soon afterward, translations of several early Final Fantasy titles were released for the WonderSwan and sold very well. In 2002, it received a final update, the SwanCrystal, which sported a sharper color screen. No WonderSwan units were sold in the United States.