Appeals court reinstates lawsuit against US surveillance

Civil liberties and other groups have standing to challenge a 2008 surveillance law, the court says

A U.S. appeals court has reinstated a lawsuit, brought by civil liberties and other groups, challenging the legality of a controversial government law allowing the surveillance of residents' telephone calls and e-mail messages.

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, in an opinion issued Monday, overturned a lower court ruling that threw out a lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of the FISA (Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act) Amendments Act of 2008. The U.S. Congress passed the FISA Amendments Act in response to news reports of widespread surveillance of U.S. residents by the U.S. National Security Agency under the administration of former President George W. Bush.

The American Civil Liberties Union, Amnesty International and other groups immediately challenged the FISA Amendments Act in a lawsuit. But in August 2009, U.S. District Court Judge John Koeltl of the Southern District of New York dismissed the case, saying the plaintiffs had no right to challenge the new surveillance law because they could not prove their communications had been monitored under the secret program.

Koeltl's ruling created a "Catch 22," the ACLU said in a press release.

But the appeals court ruled that the plaintiffs have standing to challenge the law, which they say violates the U.S. Constitution. The law "has put the plaintiffs in a lose-lose situation: either they can continue to communicate sensitive information electronically and bear a substantial risk of being monitored under a statute they allege to be unconstitutional, or they can incur financial and professional costs to avoid being monitored," the three-judge panel wrote. "Either way, the [FISA law] directly affects them."

The plaintiffs have a "reasonable fear" of being spied upon, the judges wrote.

The ACLU praised the appeals court ruling. The lawsuit will now go back to a trial court.

"The government's surveillance practices should not be immune from judicial review, and this decision ensures that they won't be," Jameel Jaffer, the ACLU's deputy legal director, said in a statement. "The law we've challenged permits the government to conduct dragnet surveillance of Americans' international communications, and it has none of the safeguards that the Constitution requires."

Supporters of the FISA Amendments Act argued the legislation put new safeguards in place to protect U.S. residents against the NSA program, started in response to the 2001 terrorist attacks on the U.S. and against other government spying. But the ACLU argued the law gave the U.S. government "virtually unchecked power" to spy on international phone calls and e-mail messages.

The law was also controversial because it gave telecom carriers that participated in the NSA surveillance program immunity from lawsuits.

President Barack Obama's administration has defended the law in court and has argued that FISA courts are a way to review government surveillance programs.

Grant Gross covers technology and telecom policy in the U.S. government for The IDG News Service. Follow Grant on Twitter at GrantGross. Grant's e-mail address is grant_gross@idg.com.

Tags U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second CircuitJameel JafferJohn KoeltlsecurityU.S. National Security AgencylegalCivil lawsuitsBarack ObamagovernmentGeorge W. Bushprivacy

Keep up with the latest tech news, reviews and previews by subscribing to the Good Gear Guide newsletter.

Grant Gross

IDG News Service

Comments

Comments are now closed.

Latest News Articles

Most Popular Articles

Follow Us

GGG Evaluation Team

Kathy Cassidy

STYLISTIC Q702

First impression on unpacking the Q702 test unit was the solid feel and clean, minimalist styling.

Anthony Grifoni

STYLISTIC Q572

For work use, Microsoft Word and Excel programs pre-installed on the device are adequate for preparing short documents.

Steph Mundell

LIFEBOOK UH574

The Fujitsu LifeBook UH574 allowed for great mobility without being obnoxiously heavy or clunky. Its twelve hours of battery life did not disappoint.

Andrew Mitsi

STYLISTIC Q702

The screen was particularly good. It is bright and visible from most angles, however heat is an issue, particularly around the Windows button on the front, and on the back where the battery housing is located.

Simon Harriott

STYLISTIC Q702

My first impression after unboxing the Q702 is that it is a nice looking unit. Styling is somewhat minimalist but very effective. The tablet part, once detached, has a nice weight, and no buttons or switches are located in awkward or intrusive positions.

Resources

Best Deals on GoodGearGuide

Latest Jobs

Don’t have an account? Sign up here

Don't have an account? Sign up now

Forgot password?