A new Firefox vulnerability reported on Tuesday affects primarily users of the browser on older versions of Windows, security firm Trend Micro has determined.
Present in both Firefox 3.5 and 3.6, according to Mozilla, the zero-day flaw causes a "drive-by download" whereby a malicious file is downloaded and run without the user's knowledge. It was first discovered on the official site for the Nobel Peace Prize, which was compromised by a malicious PHP Script called JS_NINDYA.A, Trend Micro found.
The exploit accomplishes its mischief by downloading a "back door" onto user systems, detected by Trend Micro as BKDR_NINDYA.A. It then connects to a remote malicious server, which cybercriminals can use to send various commands to the affected system, including deleting all files and shutting it down.
What's unusual about the exploit, however, is that "for some reason or another the cybercriminal behind this attack has chosen to limit the scope of the vulnerability," Trend Micro explained in a blog post late Tuesday. "Using browser headers, the exploit checks both the Firefox version and the operating system used."
Specifically, only recent versions of Firefox 3.6 are targeted by JS_NINDYA.A, Trend Micro said. The exploit is not triggered, however, when the user is running newer versions of Windows, including Vista, Windows 7, Server 2008 and Server 2008 R2. The latest Firefox 4 beta versions are confirmed to be safe from the exploit as well.
The Linux Alternative
Another approach, of course, is to use Linux instead of Windows when browsing the Web. Windows is targeted by such a majority of malware that security experts recommend using Linux for online banking, in particular. Users who don't want to install Linux on their computers can simply run a LiveCD or Live USB and browse the Web from there. It works!
Follow Katherine Noyes on Twitter: @Noyesk.