U.S. investments in Web 2.0 companies reached an all-time high of US$1.34 billion in 2007, almost double the previous year's total. But one company -- Facebook -- accounted for a full 22 per cent of that windfall, and the total number of investments seems to be leveling off after several years of meteoric growth, Dow Jones VentureSource said in research issued Tuesday.
Facebook took in US$300 million, including US$240 million from Microsoft, the biggest Web 2.0 venture capital deal of the year according to VentureSource. (Some industry watchers, such as the organizations behind the Moneytree Report, do not consider the Microsoft-Facebook transaction to be a true venture deal, however, because it's one vendor investing in another.)
Coming in a distant second was Ning, a Palo Alto company that lets users create their own niche social networks and which raised US$44 million from venture capitalists.
Total investments by dollar rose heavily the last five years, from US$79 million in 2003, to US$232 million in 2004, US$309 million in 2005, US$716 million in 2006 and US$1.34 billion in 2007.
But there are signs that the total number of companies receiving investments is leveling off.
"From 2002 to 2006, Web 2.0 deal flow doubled every year, but 2007 saw deals increase 25 per cent to 178 from 143 deals in 2006," Dow Jones VentureSource reported. "Nearly all of this growth happened outside the San Francisco Bay Area, the longtime home of Web-related innovation and investment."
Web 2.0 companies are a good investment for venture capitalists because "they can do so much with so little," research director Jessica Canning of Dow Jones VentureSource says in a news release. "A few million dollars and they're not only up and running but attracting eyeballs and advertisers."
Investors can get in on the cheap, relatively speaking. The median investment for Web 2.0 companies in 2007 was US$5 million, less than the country-wide median of US$7.6 million per venture deal.
2008 could be a "make-or-break year" for many Internet companies that rely on advertising, because of a slumping economy and slowing click-through rates for online advertising, according to VentureSource.
1. Facebook: US$240 million on October 25
2. Facebook: US$60 million on December 3
3. Ning: US$44 million on July 11
4. Metaweb Technologies: US$42.5 million on December 31
5. Zillow: US$30 million on September 2007
6. Metacafe: US$30 million on August 16
7. n2N Commerce: US$30 million on January 31
8. Veoh Networks: US$25 million on August 31
9. MyStrands: US$25 million on April 11
10. Reunion.com: US$25 million on May 21