Number of malicious e-mails with bad links balloons 10-fold

Malware as attachment is so passe, says MessageLabs

The percentage of threats arriving in e-mail that rely on links to malicious sites -- rather than arriving as a file attachment -- has ballooned 10-fold since the first quarter of the year, a UK security company said today.

In a report published Thursday, U.K.-based MessageLabs said that 35 percent of the e-mail threats it now detects use embedded links to infect computers instead of the more traditional file attachments. In the March-June time frame, that figure was 20.2 percent, said the company. And in the opening quarter of 2007, a mere 3.3 percent of the intercepted threats carried links.

The links, said Paul Wood, a MessageLabs senior security analyst, lead unwary users directly to malware downloads, or increasingly, to purposefully-crafted sites that sport malicious JavaScript. "The volume of attacks using attachments has diminished over the last 18 months," said Wood, "while the number using links has shown a massive increase."

MessageLabs' data jibes with recent analyses by other security vendors, which have all noted the rapid increase in Web-based attacks -- often from legitimate sites that have been compromised by criminals. Such trusted sites make perfect lures for drawing in users, whose browsers are then typically attacked through one or more unpatched vulnerabilities, allowing rogue code -- often spyware or a Trojan horse that hijacks the PC to add it to a growing botnet -- to be installed.

"The bad guys know that most people have learned not to open attachments," said Wood. "E-mail is still the preferred attacker vehicle for getting their 'message' across, but now they're using links. They know people still follow links."

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Gregg Keizer

Computerworld
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